“The conventional view is that first came Anglobalization, then came Americanization. There is some merit in this. In the 1880s, Britain clearly dominated global decision-making, and there was something ruthlessly and systematically global about it's acquisitions in Africa from North to South. And it is equally clear that US corporations were firmly on the profitable end of the global supply-chains established in the 1990s.
But this account leaves out important chunks of the story and a host of other historical globalizers. The Abbasids, Chinese and Scandinavians had many of the components of global intent. The Spanish and Portugese first carved up the planet between them, and genuinely believed that they could enforce the deal. The French played a central role, coining the word global, developing modern consumerism, and often pushing a universalizing yet still chauvenistic version of globalization”